Last month, a group of Danish scientists investigated why the French don’t seem to suffer from cardiovascular disease as much as their high saturated fat, high cholesterol diets would suggest. The researchers looked to diet to explain this so-called French Paradox, and what do the French eat a lot of? Cheese. In 2013, the French led the pack in cheese consumption worldwide—closely followed by Iceland and Finland.
So the team had 15 young-to-middle aged men follow three different diets for two weeks at a time. Each diet had the same amount of calories: one was high in 1.5% milk fat, another was high in cheese, and a third allowed butter but no other dairy.