The USA has overtaken France to become the world’s largest wine market by volume
Jean-Marie Aurand, director general of the OIV ( International Vine and Wine Organisation ) , presented the
organisation’s assessment of the global wine trade at a press conference
in Paris on 13 May.
It revealed that world wine consumption fell by 2.5 million
hectolitres in 2013 compared to 2012 to 238.7 million hectolitres with
traditional wine producing countries such as France, Italy and Spain
witnessing declines in consumption of 2.1 million hectolitres, 0.8
million hectolitres and 0.2 million hectolitres respectively.
China’s consumption dropped by 3.8% in 2013 to 16.8 million
hectolitres with the OIV report stating that the country’s rapid
growth in consumption in recent years had appeared to “come to a sudden
Bucking the trend were the South American countries of Argentina,
Chile and Brazil, South Africa and Romania which all recorded a rise in
wine consumption compared with 2012.
While a drop in consumption in France allowed the US to become the
world’s biggest wine market in the world by volume consuming 29.1
million hectolitres of wine.
The US was closely followed by France, which consumed 28.1 million
hectolitres, Italy with 21.7 million hectolitres and Spain with
9.1 million hectolitres.
Overall the value of the world’s wine trade increased by 1.5% in 2013
to €25.7 billion with bottled and sparkling wines making up the vast
majority of the world’s wine; 71% still wines and 17% sparkling.
The report also warned of low wine production in the southern
hemisphere in 2014, estimating a reduction of around 10% in 2014
compared with 2013.